FUNDAMENTAL GEOGRAPHY THEMES AND CONCEPTS

 

What is GEOGRAPHY?

- Description of the earth.

 

Knowing when and where you are is part of human consciousness.

- Where are you? What day is it?

 

In studying and describing the earth, GEOGRAPHY shares certain approaches with HISTORY.

- History explores time contexts (When? & Why?)

- Geography explores spatial contexts (Where is it?, What is it like? Why there?)

- Any event occurring on the earth happens in a particular place and time context.

- Attributes of places experience change, as a rule, and that change occurs through the processes happening at that place (time-component) as well as resulting from interaction among places.

 

Basic knowledge of placename geography (toponymy) is an important and necessary prerequisite for understanding and applying the spatial perspective; a mode of analysis particular to geography.

- "Placename geography is to more advance geographic studies as learning to read is to studying literature; one cannot interpret the symbolism in poetry without first knowing how to read." (Stanfield, 2002)