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UC Santa Barbara
Department of Geography
UC Santa Barbara
Department of Geography

UC Santa Barbara Geography / Courses /

Lower Division Courses

Geog 3A: Oceans and Atmosphere, 4.0 - Dickey, Siegel
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour.

Introduction to the oceans and atmosphere and their role in the Earth’s climate and its weather patterns. Focus on the flows of solar energy through the ocean and atmosphere systems. Human impacts of the Earth’s climate are also introduced. (Fall, Winter)

Geog 3B: Land, Water and Life, 4.0 - Chadwick, Roberts
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour.

Study of the interactions among water, landforms, soil, and vegetation that create and modify the surface of the Earth. Impacts of physical environment on human societies and humans as agents of environmental change. (Winter, Spring)

Geog 5: People, Place and Environment, 4.0 - Carr, Montello, Sweeney
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour.

Survey of spatial differentiation and organization of human activity and interaction with the Earth’s biophysical systems. Sample topics include human spatial decision-making behavior, migration, population growth, economic development, industrial location, urbanization, and human impacts on the natural environment.

Geog 7: Energy, Water, and Climate, 4.0 - Staff
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 2 hours.

Oil and water are two key strategic resources dominating the international scene. This class provides an overview of global distribution of oil and water resources and analyzes some of the social, economic, and geopolitical ramifications of these distributions.

Geog 8: Living with Global Warming, 4.0 - Staff
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Overview of global warming and climate change processes. Description of complex relationships between scientific, technological, economic, social, political, and historical facets of global warming and climate change. Introduction to the concept and practice of climate modeling.

Geog W 12: Maps and Spatial Reasoning, 4.0 - Clarke, Janowicz
Notes: Lecture, online 3; laboratory, 3 hours.

Surveys properties of maps, emphasizing map use and interpretation. Lecture topics include map abstraction, generalization, map projections, and symbolization. Special purpose maps, thematic maps, and the display of quantitative and qualitative information is considered.

Geog 20: Geography of Surfing, 4.0 - Sweeney
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour.

Social and physical science concepts manifested in the sport of surfing. Topics include wave generation and forecasting, economics of the surf industry, spatial search, strategic behavior under crowding, territorialism, and the generation/diffusion of regional surf cultures.

Geog 20H: Field Studies in Surfing, 1.0 - Sweeney
Prerequisites: Concurrent enrollment in Geography 20.
Notes: Open to non-majors. Fieldwork, 1 hour.

Field study methods from physical, human, and regional geography applied to surfing. Physical methods focus on coastal engineering: hydrographic surveys, wave measurement, etc. Human methods include spatial population distribution, attitude surveys, etc. Project or term paper, and presentation required.

Geog 95AA-ZZ: Basic Topics in Geography, 2.0-4.0 - Staff
Notes: May be repeated once for credit provided subject matter differs. Tutorial, variable hours.

Geographic curriculum content that lies outside regularly scheduled courses. New classes under development or taught temporarily. Course number-letter combination reflects instructor. Content varies.

Geog 98: Basic Readings in Geography, 1.0-2.0 - Staff
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor.
Notes: Students must have a minimum 3.0 grade-point average. May be repeated to a maximum of 6 units. Students are limited to 2 units per quarter and 30 units total in all 98/99/198/199/199AA-ZZ courses combined. Tutorial, variable hours.

Provides introductory directed inquiry into a topic of interest to the student.

Geog 99: Basic Independent Studies, 1.0-3.0 - Staff
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor.
Notes: Students must have a minimum 3.0 grade-point average. May be repeated to a maximum of 6 units. Students are limited to 3 units per quarter and 30 units total in all 98/99/198/199/199AA-ZZ courses combined. Tutorial, variable hours.

Independent geographical research conducted under the guidance of Geography faculty. Topic and scope varies, to be specified by student and supervisory faculty member prior to registration.

Upper Division Courses

Geog 101: Transportation Futures, 4.0 - Church
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing.
Recommended preparation: Geography 5.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 1 hour.

Introduction to transportation problems, involving energy, the environment, congestion, infrastructure, and future trends. Historical perspective on transportation innovations and their impacts on urban form. Reviews current problems, including the movement of freight and the development of transit-oriented neighborhoods.

Geog 102: Introduction to Environmental Optics in Physical Geography, 5.0 - Roberts
Prerequisites: Geography 3A-B and 115A.
Recommended preparation: high school trigonometry.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Basic physical principles of electromagnetic radiation in the environment and their application to physical geography and remote sensing. Radiative transfer in atmosphere, oceans, snow and ice, inland waters, rock, soil, and vegetation. Spectral signatures in remote sensing.

Geog 104: Physical Geography of the World’s Oceans, 4.0 - Washburn
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
Recommended preparation: Geography 3A.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour.

Introduction to the processes which control the circulation of the world’s oceans. Topics include: wind driven circulation, thermohaline circulation, water masses, waves, and tides.

Geog 108: Urban Geography, 4.0 - Couclelis, Sweeney
Prerequisites: Geography 5.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour.

Introduction to the study of the economic geography of cities and regions and its relation to planning: urbanization, internal structure of cities, settlement systems, regional growth and development, migration, transportation, housing.

Geog 109: Economic Geography, 4.0 - Sweeney
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing.
Recommended preparation: Geography 5.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour.

Introduction to the study of spatial economic theories with applications at the urban, regional, and global scales. Topics include settlement system dynamics and regional development, land economics and land use policies, and regional inequality and poverty.

Geog 110: Introduction to Meteorology, 4.0 - Carvalho, Michaelsen
Prerequisites: Geography 3A.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; discussion 1 hour.

An introduction to the dynamics of the earth’s atmosphere. Topics include: energy exchange mechanisms, energy balance, condensation and precipitation processes, the dynamics of pressure and wind systems, and the distributions of weather disturbances.

Geog 111A: Transportation Planning and Modeling, 4.0 - Goulias
Prerequisites: Geography 5.
Recommended preparation: Geography 117 or equivalent, introductory probability and statistics.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Issues, problems, technologies, policies, plans, programs, and the transportation-environment relationship. Transportation systems simulation, trip-based and activity data collection and modeling. Applications in planning, design and operations. Lab: Critically examine transportation plans and programs; explore and analyze travel surveys.

Geog 111B: Transportation Modeling and Simulation, 4.0 - Goulias
Prerequisites: Geography 111A.
Recommended preparation: A prior course in probability & statistics and regression methods; Economics 140A-B.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Multilevel data in time use, activity, and travel surveys. Revealed and stated choice data collection in laboratory/field studies. Regression models. Systems simulation. Applications in policy analysis and traffic operations. Lab: Data analysis to develop models for typical regional simulations. (Winter, Spring)

Geog 112: Environmental Hydrology, 4.0 - Loaiciga
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing.
Recommended preparation: Geography 3B.
Notes: One one-day weekend fieldtrip required. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Analysis of the water cycle with emphasis on land-atmosphere interactions, precipitation-runoff, flood, snowmelt, and infiltration processes.

Geog 114A: Soil Science, 5.0 - Chadwick
Prerequisites: Chemistry 1A-B; and, Geography 3B or Geology 2.
Notes: Same course as Environmental Studies 114A. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 3 hours.

Introduction to the chemical, hydrological, and biological characteristics of soils, their global distribution, and response to management. Field and laboratory projects provide an understanding of soil-landscape distribution, soil morphology, and the physical and chemical properties that influence management decisions.

Geog 114B: Soil Genesis and Classification, 5.0 - Chadwick
Prerequisites: Geography 114A.
Notes: Same course as Environmental Studies 114B. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 3 hours.

Introduction to chemical, physical, and biological processes that produce soil and influence their management. Soil morphology, genesis, classification, and global distribution emphasized. Labs cover field site selection, soil description, sampling, laboratory preparation of samples and selected chemical and physical analyses.

Geog 115A: Earth from Above, 5.0 - McFadden
Prerequisites: Geography 3A-B, 5.
Recommended preparation: Geography 12.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Introduction to physical and cultural geographic phenomena as recorded by airborne and satellite remote sensing systems, with emphasis on photo interpretation skills. Lab involves analysis of current and historical aerial photographs and satellite images in hard copy and digital formats.

Geog 115B: Introduction to Remote Sensing, 5.0 - Bookhagen
Prerequisites: Geography 115A with a minimum grade of C.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 3 hours.

Acquisition and nature of satellite imagery and tools required to process data from remote sensing systems. Topics include spectral and spatial enhancement, image classification, geometric and radiometric correction, with emphasis on applications. Lab: Computer analysis of Landsat and SPOT data.

Geog 115C: Intermediate Remote Sensing Techniques, 5.0 - Bookhagen
Prerequisites: Geography 115B with a minimum grade of C.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 3 hours.

Examines information extraction and radiative transfer relevant to remote sensing, focusing on applications for environmental monitoring and natural resource management. Lab exercises develop skills for advanced processing of satellite data, including linear transforms, image correction, and change detection.

Geog 116: Groundwater Hydrology, 5.0 - Loaiciga
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
Recommended preparation: Geography 3B.
Notes: Same course as Geological Sciences 173. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Analysis of groundwater flow in complex geologic environments, aquifer properties, wells and groundwater contamination, surface water-groundwater interactions. Laboratory: basic groundwater experiments, Darcy’s Law, flow nets, solute dispersion, field measurements of bedrock groundwater analysis of pumping-test data.

Geog 117: Scientific Research Methods in Geography, 4.0 - Montello
Prerequisites: Geography 5; and, Geography 3A or 3B.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 1 hour.

Introduction to scientific research methods in human, physical, and techniques geography. Topics include: scientific logic and philosophy, physical measurement, surveys, experimental and nonexperimental research designs, computational modeling, sampling, data analysis and display, written and oral communication, and research ethics.

Geog 119: Climatic Change and Its Consequences, 4.0 - Michaelsen
Prerequisites: Geography 3A or Geography 8 or consent of instructor.

Mechanisms and processes which produce climate change. Methods for reconstructing paleo-climates. Impacts of past climate change on human societies.

Geog 126: Maps in Science and Society, 4.0 - Clarke
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

The growth of geodesy, printing, and technology; exploration of the earth and near planets; topographic surveys and photogrammetry; LANDSAT; relation of contemporary thematic cartography to statistics and graphic science.

Geog 128: Analytical and Computer Cartography, 4.0 - Clarke
Prerequisites: Geography 12.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Using computers to create and analyze maps. Coding, storing and representing geographical data. Accessing spatial data over the internet. Map data structures and transformations. Design and programming issues in map production.

Geog 133: Tropical Meteorology, 4.0 - Gautier, Michaelsen
Prerequisites: Geography 110 with a grade of C or better.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 1 hour.

Description of tropical atmosphere. High and low frequency variability: hurricanes, monsoon, El Niño, satellite observations, and modeling.

Geog 134: Earth System Science, 4.0 - Gautier, King
Prerequisites: Geography 3A or Geography 8.
Recommended preparation: Two prior upper-division courses in physical geography.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Description of various components of earth system: climate and hydrologic systems, biogeochemical dynamics, ecological dynamics, human interactions, and global change with an emphasis on the climate components. Observations and modeling of earth system.

Geog 135: Mock Environmental Summit, 4.0 - Gautier
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
Notes: May be repeated for credit to a maximum of 12 units, but only 4 units count toward the major. Lecture, 3 hours.

A mock summit in which students act as representatives of different countries participating in environmental treaty negotiations. Students work in teams of four or five to prepare a presentation and discussion of environmental issues of concern (energy, greenhouse gasses, etc.).

Geog 135S: Intense Mock Environmental Summit, 4.0 - Gautier
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
Notes: May be repeated for credit to a maximum of 12 units, but only 4 units count toward the major. This intensive course is taught for three weeks during the summer quarter only.

Mock summit in which students act as representatives of different countries participating in environmental treaty negotiations. This three-week course immerses students in the topic of global change and its associated policies, mimicking pressures and intensity at real environmental summits. (Summer)

Geog 137: Quantitative Geomorphology, 5.0 - Bookhagen
Prerequisites: Geography 3B or Earth Science 2.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Basic quantitative understanding of processes shaping the Earth's surface. In-depth evaluations of hill slope diffusion, mass wasting, and fluvial processes. Applications of quantitative methods are emphasized throughout the class. Laboratory provides an understanding of isotopic, physical, and remote sensing dataset. (Fall)

Geog 140: Environmental Impacts in Human History, 4.0 - Roberts
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing and consent of instructor.
Recommended preparation: Geography 141A.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour.

Interactions between human history and the environment are explored. Example topics include early Earth history, long term climate change, the origin of agriculture, short term climate change, the origin of importance of disease and invasive species.

Geog 141A: Population Geography, 4.0 - Carr
Prerequisites: Geography 5 or equivalent course.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour.

Various geographic dimensions of human population dynamics: fertility, mortality, and migration. The concepts and language of demography are introduced. The causes and consequences of population dynamics are investigated, including links among population, environment, and development.

Geog 141B: Population and Development, 4.0 - Sweeney
Prerequisites: Geography 141A.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour.

A survey of global and regional of demographic change and their connection to significant economic development issues. Basic methods demographic analysis are introduced study historical and current issues population and development.

Geog 141C: California Population Analysis and Policy, 4.0 - Sweeney
Notes: Recommended Preparation: Geography 141A.

Introduces methods of demographic analysis used in local/regional policy analysis and planning. Course modules focus on population policy issues in California; such as, immigration, K-12 enrollment planning, affordable housing/land preservation, and planning for an elderly population.

Geog 144: Form, Process, and Human Use of Rivers, 4.0 - Keller, Loaiciga
Prerequisites: Mathematics 3A-B or 34A-B.
Recommended preparation: Physics 1 or 6A-AL or Geology 117, Geography 3B.
Notes: Same course as Environmental Studies 144. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 3 hours.

Basic understanding of fluvial (river) hydrology. In-depth evaluation of channel form and fluvial processes and impact of human use on rivers.

Geog 148: California, 4.0 - Michaelsen
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours.

The unique landscapes of California and the physical, cultural, and biotic processes which have produced them.

Geog 149: The California Channel Islands, 4.0 - Still
Prerequisites: MCDB 1A-1AL and EEMB 2; or MCDB 20 or EEMB 20 or Geography 3A or 3B or Geology 2 or Environmental Studies 2.
Notes: Same course as Environmental Studies 111. Lecture, 3 hours.

Discussion of biological, geological, ecological, anthropological, and oceanographic characteristics of the Channel Islands area as well as the management and human uses of this region. Emphasis on islands and ocean waters off Southern California.

Geog 150: Geography of the United States, 4.0 - Montello
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours.

Intensive study of the physical and cultural processes that have shaped and are shaping the landscapes of the United States.

Geog 153A: Behavioral Geography, 4.0 - Montello
Prerequisites: Geography 5.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory 1 hour.

Examines aspects of the human-environment interface, emphasizing behavioral processes in spatial contexts including spatial choice and decision making, consumer behavior, migration and other episodic movements, time budgets, spatial cognition, and cognitive mapping.

Geog 153C: Environmental Perception and Cognition, 4.0 - Montello
Prerequisites: Geography 5.
Notes: Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 1 hour.

Research and theory on human perception and cognition of environments. Topics include spatial perception, spatial learning, knowledge structures, navigation and wayfinding, language and spatial cognition, map use, the spatial skills of special populations, and other issues.

Geog 153D: Spatial Decisions in Retailing, 4.0 - Church, Goodchild
Prerequisites: Geography 5 or consent of instructor.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours.

Applications of spatial decision-making and behavior to retail systems: site selection, site evaluation, trade area estimation, spatial dimensions of retailing, and bricks vs. clicks retailing.

Geog 155: Geography of Latin America, 4.0 - Carr
Prerequisites: Geography 5 or Global Studies 1 or 2 or Environmental Studies 1 or 2 or 3.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours.

El Pueblo, a vila, li tenamit: however you call where you live, geography matters. How and why are human and physical patterns inscribed where they are on the Latin American landscape?

Geog 158: Introduction to Marine Resources, 4.0 - Siegel
Prerequisites: Geography 3A-B.
Recommended preparation: Geography 104.
Notes: Lecture 3 hours, laboratory 1 hour.

Introduction to the marine resources of the California coast. The interplay of oceanographic, climatic, biogeochemical and geologic factors and the influences of humankind will be addressed. Topics include: climate, circulation, biogeography, fisheries, marine mammals, petroleum, pollution and exploration history.

Geog 159: Geography of Europe, 4.0 - Couclelis
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours.

A systematic approach to the study of the human and physical resources of Europe. Special emphasis placed on the spatial aspects of urban, economic, and social processes.

Geog 161: World Agriculture, Food, and Population, 4.0 - Cleveland
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing.
Notes: Same course as Anthropology 149 and Environmental Studies 149. Lecture 3 hours, discussion 1 hour.

Evolution, current status, and alternative futures of agriculture, food and population worldwide. Achieving environmentally, socially, and economically sustainable food systems; soil, water, crops, energy and labor; diversity, stability and ecosystems management; farmer and scientist knowledge and collaboration; common property management.

Geog 162: Environmental Water Quality, 4.0 - Loaiciga
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing.
Recommended preparation: Geography 3B, lower-division biology, chemistry.
Notes: Same course as Environmental Studies 162A. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Study of the physio-chemical and biological characteristics of natural waters, analysis of water pollution and treatment, water-quality regulations. Laboratory: independent and supervised research on water pollutants and water treatment, quantitative analysis of water-quality data and one-day field work.

Geog 163: Ocean Circulation, 4.0 - Siegel, Washburn
Prerequisites: Geography 104.
Notes: Not open for credit to students who have completed Geography 163A. Lecture, 3 hours, discussion 1 hour.

Examination of the general circulation of the oceans and its impact on global climate and climate change. Topics include properties of seawater, forces driving ocean currents, wind and buoyancy generation of basin scale circulations, and their impact on global climate.

Geog 165: Waves and Tides in the Ocean, 4.0 - Washburn, Siegel
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing or consent of instructor.
Recommended preparation: Geography 104. Offered in even-numbered years.
Notes: Lecture 3 hours, discussion 1 hour.

Examination of waves and tides in the ocean. Topics include surface waves, wave generation, internal waves, tides, and tide raising forces. Measurement techniques are also discussed. (Spring)

Geog 167: Biogeography: The Study of Plant and Animal Distributions, 4.0 - Staff
Prerequisites: Geography 3A or 3B or Environmental Studies 2 or EEMB 2 or Earth Science 2.
Recommended preparation: A prior course in EEMB.
Notes: Same course as Environmental Studies 167. Lecture 3 hours, discussion 1 hour.

Basic processes governing geographic distribution patterns of biota, including migration, evolution, isolation, and endemism. Biogeographic regions and their histories and an introduction to island biogeography. Emphasis on plants and plant geography. One all-day field trip.

Geog 168: Field Studies in Biogeography, 4.0 - Staff
Prerequisites: Geography 167 or consent of instructor.
Recommended preparation: Geography 114A or Environmental Studies 100 or EEMB 141.
Notes: Lecture 3 hours; fieldwork, 1 hour.

Intensive field and laboratory course on ecological and biogeographical phenomena, including plant and soil processes, and microclimates. Course utilizes UC Natural Reserve sites. Field measurements are taught, including vegetation and soil sampling, dendrochronology, ecophysiology, and basic micrometeorology.

Geog 169: Cultural and Biological Diversity of Food Plants, 4.0 - Cleveland
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing.
Recommended preparation: Geography 161 or Environmental Studies 149 or Anthropology 149.
Notes: Same course as Anthropology 158 and Environmental Studies 158. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory 3, hours.

The evolution of food plants from domestication to genetic engineering. Patterns of diversity around the world in small-scale, traditionally- based and industrial communities. Class participation in project on local olive diversity includes field work.

Geog 171BT: Biotechnology, Food, and Agriculture, 4.0 - Cleveland
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing.
Recommended preparation: Geography 161 or Environmental Studies 149 or Anthropology 149.
Notes: Same course as Anthropology 166BT and Environmental Studies 166BT. Course offered every other year. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory 3, hours.

Social, cultural, ethical, biological, and environmental issues surrounding biotechnology (BT) and food systems. Includes theory and method of BT; scientific, social, and political control of BT; effect of BT on genetic diversity, small-scale farmers, environment, food supply, consumer health.

Geog 171FP: Small-Scale Food Production, 5.0 - Cleveland
Prerequisites: Geography 161 or Environmental Studies 149 or Anthropology 149.
Notes: Same course as Anthropology 166FP and Environmental Studies 166FP. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 3 hours.

Biological, ecological, social, and economic principles of small-scale food production and their practical applications. Includes each student cultivating a garden plot; lab exercises, field trips to local farms and gardens.

Geog 172: Intermediate Geographical Data Analysis, 5.0 - Kyriakidis, Sweeney
Prerequisites: PSTAT 5AA-ZZ or EEMB 30 or Psychology 5 or Communication 87.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Statistical analysis of geographical data. Topics include spatial auto-correlation, multiple regression in spatial context, and introductory methods for analyzing point, area (lattice), and continuous spatial data. Lab includes the use of statistical software for analyzing various spatial data types.

Geog 175: Environmental Data Analysis, 4.0 - Roberts
Prerequisites: Geography 3A, 3B, and 110.
Recommended preparation: Geography 102.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Introduction to measurement and interpretation of physical-environmental data (temperature, humidity, precipitation) and integrated environmental measures (e.g. potential evapotranspiration). Working with micrometeorological towers deployed across an environmental gradient, students develop and test hypothesis using real-time tower data.

Geog 176A: Introduction to Geographic Information Systems, 4.0 - Clarke, Janowicz, Raubal
Prerequisites: Geography 12 or consent of instructor.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Comprehensive overview of Geographic Information Systems and Science. Topics include geographic data collection, modeling, and representation; geographic databases; cartographic issues; spatial queries; mobile GIS and GI Services; cognitive and social aspects. Labs provide hands-on experience with GIS software.

Geog 176B: Technical Issues in Geographic Information Systems, 4.0 - Janowicz
Prerequisites: Geography 176A with a minimum grade of C; concurrent enrollment in Geography 176BL.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours.

Study of the technical issues underlying Geographic Information Systems, including coordinate systems and analytic geometry, database models and structures, algorithms and analytical procedures.

Geog 176C: GIS Design and Applications, 5.0 - Clarke, Janowicz, Raubal
Prerequisites: Geography 176B with a minimum grade of C.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Applying GIS theory and techniques to solve problems in land and resource management, utilities, and municipal government. Covers all stages of a GIS project: planning, design, analysis, and presentation. Students collaborate to design, develop, and present a GIS pilot study.

Geog 180: Geography of the Information Society, 4.0 - Couclelis
Prerequisites: Geography 5; upper-division standing.
Recommended preparation: Geography 108.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour.

Examination of urban, regional, and global trends in human activity and interaction caused by the spread of electronic technologies. Topics include land-use change, telecommuting, the “virtual geographies” of the Internet, issues of democracy and power, planning in the information age.

Geog 181A: GIScience Research, 4.0 - Clarke, Raubal
Prerequisites: Geography 176A.
Notes: Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Introduction to GIScience as an academic research field, conducted through review, discussion, and presentation of seminal works from leading journals. Labs reinforce and develop students’ existing techniques on problems of research-level difficulty in spatial analysis, cognition, and mobile GIS. (Winter)

Geog 181B: GIScience Studies, 4.0 - Clarke, Raubal
Prerequisites: Geography 181A.
Notes: Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Builds on previous course through in-depth examination of topics chosen by interests of leading professor. Labs emphasize development of advanced spatial analytical skills, cutting edge visualization techniques and spatio-temporal modeling. Course concludes with an individual GIScience project. (Spring)

Geog 182: Global Cities in the Information Age, 4.0 - Couclelis
Prerequisites: Geography 5.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; discussion 1 hour.

Study of the economic, social, and political networks that link together cities of global importance. Specializations and roles of global cities in the information age economy. Examination of individual cities at the top tiers of the global urban hierarchy.

Geog 183: Cartographic Design and Geovisualization, 4.0 - Clarke, Raubal
Prerequisites: Geography 12 or 176A.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Technical introduction to graphic representation and visualization of geographic information. Lectures cover static and dynamic design aspects, thematic mapping, interface design, animation, and 3D. Labs provide experience designing thematic maps and constructing basic GeoVis tools with current software.

Geog 184: Introduction to Cartographic Programming, 4.0 - Clarke
Prerequisites: Computer Science 5AA-ZZ and Geography 12.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 3 hours.

Introduces the student to cartographic programming principles. Instruction will emphasize structured decomposition, device independence and reusability in cartographic software. Lab work will provide students with hands-on experience with implementing a reusable cartographic library.

Geog 185A: Geography Planning and Policy Making, 4.0 - Couclelis
Prerequisites: Geography 5 or Environmental Studies 116.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour.

Relevance of geographic knowledge and skills to aspects of planning and policy making. Includes review of core concepts in decision making, planning theory, systems analysis, information systems, urban and regional modeling, forecasting, impact analysis, implementation of decisions, planning policies.

Geog 185B: Environmental Issues and Location Decision Making, 4.0 - Church
Prerequisites: Geography 3A or 3B or 5 or Environmental Studies 135A.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 1 hour.

Introduction to decision making techniques with regard to land use allocation and planning. Emphasizes addressing conflicts involving environmental concerns and multiple objectives. Examples include water resources development, corridor location (rights-of-way), preservation of endangered species, and power plant siting.

Geog 185C: Local and Regional Economic Analysis, 4.0 - Sweeney
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing.
Recommended preparation: Geography 108 or 109.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 1 hour.

Introduces methods of economic analysis used in local/regional policy analysis and planning. Course modules focus on planning and policy issues in California related to interregional income inequality, industry structure/competitiveness, and regional occupational labor markets.

Geog 185D: Urban and Environmental System Analysis, 4.0 - Church
Prerequisites: Geography 3A or 3B or 5 or 108 or 109.
Recommended preparation: Mathematics 3A or 34A.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 1 hour.

Applications of operations research techniques and decision analysis in structuring approaches to urban and environmental problems. Examples are drawn from problems in facility location, regional models, transportation and other networks, utility corridors and similar problems.

Geog 190: Location Theory and Modeling, 4.0 - Church
Prerequisites: Geography 5 or 108 or 109; Mathematics 3A, or 34A; upper-division standing.
Notes: Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory, 2 hours.

Survey of basic types of location problems in the modern world, techniques used by government and industry to solve such problems. Relationships to classic location theory and models are stressed. Students will experiment with actual location models on a computer.

Geog 191: Introduction to Optimization Methods for Geographic Problems, 4.0 - Church
Prerequisites: Mathematics 3A or 34A; upper-division standing.
Notes: Offered in even-numbered years. Lecture, 3 hours.

Introduction to “Operations Research” methods that are used in the analysis of geographic problems, including linear programming, network programming, integer programming, and dynamic programming. Example problems involving spatial temporal decision making are emphasized. (Winter)

Geog 191L: Laboratory in Optimization Methods for Geographic Problems, 1.0 - Church
Prerequisites: Geography 191 (may be taken concurrently).
Notes: Laboratory, 1 hour.

Computer laboratory utilizing special optimization programs and computer graphics devices.

Geog 193: Internship in Geography, 1.0-4.0 - Staff
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing in geography; consent of department.
Notes: Students must have an overall grade-point average of 3.0. May be repeated for credit to a maximum of 12 units but only 4 units may count toward the major. Field, 3-12 hours.

Practical experience and research on geographical problems under faculty direction as interns with local, state, and federal agencies, with private research and development firms, and with other business organizations. Periodic and final reports required.

Geog 194: Field Studies in Geography, 1.0-4.0 - Staff
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor.
Notes: May be repeated for credit. May require course fee. Field, 10-40 hours.

Field-based investigation of geographic characteristics of specific places and regions. Human and/or physical phenomena may be emphasized. Field trips may include visiting parks, industrial sites, government facilities, wildlands, or urban areas. Scope, emphasis, and requirement subject to change.

Geog 195AA-ZZ: Selected Topics in Geography, 2.0-4.0 - Staff
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing in geography.
Notes: May be repeated once for credit provided subject matter differs. Lecture, 2-4 hours.

Geographic curriculum content that lies outside regularly scheduled courses. New classes under development or taught temporarily. Course number-letter combination reflects instructor. Content varies.

Geog 198: Readings in Geography, 1.0-2.0 - Staff
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing; completion of at least two upper-division courses in geography; consent of instructor.
Notes: Students must have a minimum 3.0 grade-point average. May be repeated to a maximum of 10 units; no more than 5 may be applied to the major. Students are limited to 5 units per quarter and 30 units total in all 98/99/198/199/199AA-ZZ courses combined.

Designed to provide in-depth directed inquiry into a topic of interest to the student.

Geog 199: Independent Studies in Geography, 1.0-5.0 - Staff
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing; completion of at least two upper-division courses in geography; consent of instructor.
Notes: Students must have a minimum 3.0 grade-point average. May be repeated to a maximum of 10 units; no more than 5 may be applied to the major. Students are limited to 5 units per quarter and 30 units total in all 98/99/198/199/199AA-ZZ courses combined. Geography 199 is considered an honors course and is required for those seeking distinction in the major.

Independent geographical research conducted under the guidance of Geography faculty. Topic and scope varies, as specified by student and supervisory faculty member prior to registration.

Geog 199RA: Independent Research Assistance in Geography, 1.0-5.0 - Staff
Prerequisites: Upper-division standing; completion of at least two upper-division courses in geography; consent of instructor.
Notes: Students must have a minimum 3.0 grade-point average. May be repeated to a maximum of 10 units; no more than 5 may be applied to the major. Students are limited to 5 units per quarter and 30 units total in all 98/99/198/199/199AA-ZZ courses combined.

Selected research under the direction of a faculty member.

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